Vocab Mantra

CAT GMAT GRE SAT vocabulary

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Word : Supercilious

A smiley with raised eyebrow

 

Word : SUPERCILIOUS (adj.)

Pronunciation : supercilious (ˌsuːpəˈsɪlɪəs)

Breakup : SUPER + CILIUM (Super means above & Cilium (Latin means) Eyelid. Above eyelid is the eyebrow)

Meaning : Haughtily disdainful or contemptuous, as a person or a look.

 

Synonyms:

Haughty, Imperious, Prideful, Sniffy

Swaggering, Disdainful, Lordly, Overbearing

Having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy; "some economists are disdainful of their colleagues in other social disciplines"; "haughty aristocrats"; "his lordly manners were offensive"; "walked with a prideful swagger"; "very sniffy about breaches of etiquette"; "his mother eyed my clothes with a supercilious air"; "a more swaggering mood than usual"- W.L.Shirer

Sentences & News:

1. The supercilious woman demands special treatment for being pretty.

2. You look down on people with your supercilious attitude.

3. It's strange how Trisha is humble and modest with me but snotty and supercilious towards her coworkers.

4. Steinitz called Lapid “supercilious and arrogant,” in an interview on Channel 2's Meet the Press that aired Saturday evening.

5. Lawyer who alleged ‘supercilious’ opponent had a judge in his pocket fights recommended suspension.

  Origin & History:

 Latin superciliōsus, from supercilium, eyebrow, pride : super-, super- + cilium, lower eyelid; see kel-1 in Indo-European roots

 

 

 

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Word : Querulous

Contributed by Mr. Hari ( MBA Aspirant)

Scene Desc : A complaint box full of complaints has fallen down

 

Word : QUERULOUS (adj.)

Break up : Queror (in Latin means to complain) + Ous (means full of)

Pronunciation : querulous (ˈkwɛrʊləs; ˈkwɛrjʊ-)

Meaning : full of complaints; carping.

 

Synonyms:

Whiney , Whiny, Fretful, Complaintive

 Sentences & News:

 1. Querulous and bellicose observations on IT and the government

When Honest Abe Met This Querulous Metropolis
When Honest Abe Met This Querulous Metropolis
When Honest Abe Met This Querulous Metropolis

 2. "All successful newspapers," declaimed querulous, bellicose H. L. Mencken, "are ceaselessly querulous and bellicose."

When Honest Abe Met This Querulous Metropolis

 3. City Weekly’s querulous ‘fact-check’ article is short on fact-checking

History & Origin:

From Latin querulus from querī to complain

 

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Word : Boisterous

Contributed by Mr. Hari ( MBA Aspirant)

Scene Desc : Boys making noise on the streets

 

Word : BOISTEROUS

Pronunciation : bois·ter·ous  (boistr-s, -strs)

Breakup : BOYS + STEREOS on streets

Meaning : Loud, noisy, and lacking in restraint or discipline

 

 

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Word : Alleviate

Contributed by Mr. Varun ( GMAT Aspirant)

Scene Desc : Physiotherapist trying to raise arm of the patient to alleviate pain

 

Word : ALLEVIATE

Pronunciation : al·le·vi·ate  (-lv-t)

Link : Elevate

Meaning : (tr) to make (pain, sorrow, etc) easier to bear; lessen; relieve

 

Sentences :

1. Cold water should be used to cover the affected area and alleviate the pain.

2. The new research begins to alleviate this problem.

3. Exercise is among the factors found to help alleviate stress.

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Word : Cacophony

Contributed by Mr. Varun (GMAT aspirant)

Scene Desc : Shrill ringtone of a Cactus Phone

 

Word : CACOPHONY

Pronunciation : ca·coph·o·ny  (k-kf-n)

Breakup : CACTUS + PHONE

Meaning : Jarring, discordant sound; harsh discordance of sound; dissonance.

 

Sentences :

1. A cacophony of deafening alarm bells

2. The sounds of barking dogs and sirens added to the cacophony on the streets.

 

 

 

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Word : Leonine

Contributed by Mr. Varun (GMAT Aspirant)

 

 

Word : LEONINE

Link Word : LEO

Pronunciation : Leonine (ˈliːəˌnaɪn)

Meaning : Of or characteristic of or resembling a lion

 

 

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Word : Vegetate

Contributed by Mr. Hari (MBA Aspirant)

 

 

Word : VEGETATE

Pronunciation : veg·e·tate  (vj-tt)

Meaning : To exist in a state of physical or mental inactivity or insensibility; (Botany) to grow like a plant; sprout

 

 

 

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Word : Enervate

Contributed by Mr. Hari (MBA Aspirant)

Scene Desc : A low weighted person gets drained of ENERGY quickly. There is a direct correlation of ENERGY & WEIGHT

 

Word : ENERVATE

Breakup : ENERGY + WEIGHT

Pronunciation : en·er·vate  (nr-vt)

Meaning : Lacking strength or vitality; enervated; weaken physically or mentally; debilitate

 

Other Similar Words :

1. Debilitate (dɪˈbɪlɪˌteɪt) - To sap the strength or energy of.

2. Feeble (fee·ble  (fbl)) - Lacking strength; weak.

 

 

 

 

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Word : Penury

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT Aspirant)

 

Word : PENURY (noun)

Link : Need even a PENNY

Pronunciation : pen·u·ry  (pny-r)

Meaning : Extreme poverty; Destitution; Extreme scarcity

 

Other Words

1. Destitute - Utterly lacking

(A very close synonym of Penury, and one of equal strength. Destitute people don't have means for mere subsistence-as such, they are perhaps on the verge of starvation)

2. Indigent - Experiencing want or need; impoverished

(This is a milder word than Penury & Destitution. Indigent people are not absolutely penniless)

3. Parsimonious - Excessively sparing or frugal.

(A synonym of Penury. Parsimonious person is stingy, a penurious person is twice as stingy)

 

 

 

 

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Word : Specto

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT Aspirant)

 

Word : SPECTO

Meaning : SPECTO in Latin means To Look

 

Other words with SPECT as root:

1. Retrospect  (Retro means old) - To Look Back

2. Prospect - To Look Forward

3. Spectacle - A pair of eyeglasses;  Something that can be seen or viewed, especially something of a remarkable or impressive nature

4. Spectacular - of or resembling a spectacle; impressive, grand, or dramatic

5. Spectator - An observer of an event.

 

 

 

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Word : Commensurable

Contributed by Mr. Varun (GMAT Aspirant)

Scene Desc : Different Heels height being measured by using a common measuring tool

 

Word : COMMENSURABLE (adj.)

Pronunciation : com·men·su·ra·ble  (k-mnsr--bl, -shr-)

Link : COMMON MEASURABLE

Meaning : Measurable by a common standard; Commensurate; proportionate; having a common factor

 

Other words:

1. Commensurate (adj.) - corresponding in size or degree or extent; "pay should be commensurate with the time worked"

2. Incommensurable - Impossible to measure or compare.

 

 

 

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Word : Congruent

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT Aspirant)

Word : CONGRUENT (adj.)

Link : CONGRUENT TRIANGLES

Pronunciation : con·gru·ent  (knggr-nt, kn-gr-)

Meaning : Coinciding exactly when superimposed; agreeing; corresponding; congruous

 

 Learn Other words from CONGRUENT:

1. Congruous (adj.): Corresponding in character or kind; appropriate or harmonious.

2. Incongruous (adj.) : Lacking in harmony; incompatible; Not in agreement, as with principles; inconsistent;

 

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Word : Bigot

Contributed by Mr. Hari ( GMAT aspirant)

Scene Desc : A child is pulling a GOAT for sacrifice for a ritual

 

Word : BIGOT

Pronunciation : big·ot  (bgt)

Link Word : BI GOATs (2 GOATs)

Meaning : A person who is extremely intolerant of another's creed, belief, or opinion; One who is strongly partial to one's own group, religion, race, or politics and is intolerant of those who differ;

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Word : Amenable

Contributed by Mr. Varun (GMAT Aspirant)

 

Scene Desc : Arvind Kejriwal meeting with people

Word : AMENABLE

Link : Arvind's MEN are ABLE

Pronunciation : a·me·na·ble  (-mn-bl, -mn-)

Meaning : Responsive to advice, authority, or suggestion; willing.

 

Sentences :

1. Kejriwal is planning to practice amenable governance in Delhi.

2. Whatever you decide to do, I'm amenable—just let me know

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Word : Ingenious

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT aspirant)

 

Scene Desc : Ferrari cars have innovative Rear mounted ENGINES

Word : INGENIOUS

Pronunciation : in·gen·ious  (n-jnys)

Link word : ENGINE

Meaning : Marked by inventive skill and imagination.

 

Note : Ingenious should not be confused with INGENUOUS with slight spelling difference which on the contrary means Shrewd, clever.

Sentences :

1. The success of Ferrari is because of its ingenious technological design.

2. But ingenious as it seems, the dynamo model of the sun may need some serious revision.

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Word : HERMETIC

Contributed by Mr. Hari (MBA Aspirant)

Word : HERMETIC

Pronunciation : her·met·ic  (hr-mtk) also her·met·i·cal (--kl)
Breakup : Her Cosmetic Box
Meaning : Completely sealed; Impervious to outside interference or influence

Sentences :
1. Hermetic storage bags are commercially available that when sealed are impervious to gas exchange.
2. Colleges should not provide a hermetic environment for students.

Word Origin :
Origin of “hermetically” comes from the Latin form of Hermes’ name (‘Hermeticus’). Hermes’ name is associated with this concept because he was purported to be able to magically seal a box or chest in such a way that it could never be opened. Later on, in the 17th century, Hermes’ name became linked to secrets and seals. The term “Hermetically Sealed” was then popularized by an invention called the Magdeburg Hemispheres, which used a vacuum to remain sealed no matter the force applied to take them apart.

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Word : URBANE

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT Aspirant)

 

Scene Desc : An Urban area

 

Word : URBANE

Pronunciation : ur·bane  (ûr-bn)

Breakup : Urban

Meaning : characterized by elegance or sophistication; having polish and suavity in manner or style; sophisticated.

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Word : PROGNOSIS

Contributed by Mr. Varun (GMAT Aspirant)

Scene Desc : A Doctor explaining a patient about her problem



Word : Prognosis

Pronunciation : prog·no·sis  (prg-nss)

Link word : Pre Diagnosis

Meaning : A prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease.

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Word : REVELRY

Contributed by Mr. Hari (MBA Aspirant)

Scene Desc : Indians Enjoying Diwali Festival

 

Word : REVELRY

Pronunciation : rev·el·ry  (rvl-r)

Link word : RIVALYRY

Meaning : Unrestrained merrymaking; boisterous festivity.

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Word : Anathema

Contributed by Mr. Abhishek (GMAT aspirant)

Scene Desc : EC banned screening of customized National Anthem

 

Word : ANATHEMA

Pronunciation : a·nath·e·ma  (-nth-m)

Link word : National ANTHEM

Meaning : A formal ecclesiastical ban, curse, or excommunication; One that is greatly reviled, loathed, or shunned

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